Follicular Unit Ellipse Excision (FUT)

FUT is a surgical hair transplant technique used to address male pattern baldness and hair loss. It involves removing a thin strip of scalp, typically from the back of the head (donor area), which is known for its resistance to balding. This donor area is chosen because the hair follicles there are genetically programmed to grow continuously.

Procedure:

  • A small elliptical-shaped section of scalp is surgically removed from the donor area.
  • The strip is then meticulously dissected under microscopes into individual follicular units (FUs) containing 1-4 hairs each.
  • These FUs are then transplanted into tiny recipient sites created in the balding area of the scalp.

Pros:

  • FUT can harvest a larger number of follicular units in a single session compared to another technique called Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE). This can be beneficial for patients needing significant hair restoration.
  • The cost may be slightly lower than FUE due to the shorter harvesting time.

Cons:

  • FUT leaves a linear scar in the donor area. While the scar is often thin and can be hidden within remaining hair, it’s a permanent downside.
  • The procedure is more invasive than FUE and requires stitches to close the donor area.
  • Recovery time is typically longer than FUE, with soreness and restrictions on strenuous activity for a few weeks.

Alternatives:

  • Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE): This technique involves extracting individual follicular units directly from the scalp with a small punch tool, leaving minimal scarring.
  • Hair Loss Medications: Minoxidil and finasteride are medications that can help slow down hair loss and promote some regrowth in some patients.

Recovery Time:

  • Scalp soreness and swelling are common for the first few days after surgery.
  • Stitches are usually removed within 7-10 days.
  • Strenuous activity should be avoided for 2-4 weeks.
  • Scalp numbness can occur in the donor area and may take several months to resolve completely.

Disclaimer: This information is for general knowledge only and should not be considered a substitute for professional medical advice. Consult with a qualified hair transplant surgeon to discuss if FUT is the right option for you and to understand the risks and potential complications involved.